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Learn more about foot pain: introduction

You can ease most foot pain with simple things yourself. If it doesn't go away, see a GP.

How to ease foot pain and swelling

Try these things for a week:

  • put as little weight as possible on the foot – if you can, avoid standing on it
  • put an ice pack (or a bag of frozen peas in a towel) on the foot for up to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours
  • wear comfortable shoes – for example, avoid shoes with heels
  • take paracetamol

If the skin on your foot looks flaky or blistered, see your pharmacist. They can recommend a cream.

See a GP if:

  • the pain doesn't go away
  • the pain is very bad
  • your symptoms suddenly get much worse
  • you keep getting the same pain
  • you have a very high temperature or you feel hot and shivery
  • your groin feels tender and painful (swollen glands) – this can be a sign of infection

A foot specialist can help with foot pain

Your GP might refer you to a foot specialist (podiatrist or chiropodist) to get help with your pain.

They should be able to tell you what's wrong with your foot and recommend things like creams or insoles.

You can also pay to see a podiatrist privately.

Find a podiatrist

Symptoms may include:

  • severe pain
  • feeling faint, dizzy or sick from the pain
  • hearing a crack or grinding noise during the injury
  • swelling and bruising
  • not being able to walk
  • your leg or ankle changing shape

Common causes of foot pain

You might have other symptoms apart from pain and swelling. How you treat them depends on the cause.

Main symptoms Possible cause
Can't use foot properly, numbness, tingling, feels hot heel pain
Swelling, bruising, feels tender, difficult to move sprains and strains
Swollen, red, bruised, difficult to move broken toe
Swelling, stiffness, foot is weak, grating or crackling feeling, a lump tendon injury
Burning feeling, tingling, feels numb metatarsalgia

Your foot or toe might look different:

Oedema

A swollen foot caused by oedema
Symptoms: swelling, puffy skin, discoloured, feels hot and stiff

Read about oedema.

Chilblains

Chilblains on toes
Symptoms: swelling, red or dark blue colour

Read about chilblains.

Gout

A foot with gout
Symptoms: joint is so swollen, hot and tender that anything touching it hurts

Read about gout.

Hammer toes

A foot with hammer toe
Symptoms: burning, aching, tingling, numbness

Bunion

A bunion on a foot
Symptoms: swelling, hard, callused and sore skin

Read about bunions.

Fungal nail infection

A fungal nail infection
Symptoms: discolouring, brittle nails, swelling

Read about fungal nail infections.

Verruca

A verrucca on the bottom of a foot
Symptoms: sharp pain on bottom of foot, like a needle

Read about verrucas.

Corns and calluses

Corns and calluses on foot
Symptoms: feel hard and rough, can look yellow

Read about corns and calluses.

Ingrown toenail

Read about ingrown toenails.

Athlete's foot

Athlete's foot between toes
Symptoms: red, flaky skin, itching, sore, blisters

Read about athlete's foot.

Content supplied by NHS website

Learn more about foot pain: treatment

Sprains and strains are common injuries affecting the muscles and ligaments. Most can be treated at home without seeing a GP.

Check if you have a sprain or strain

It's likely to be a sprain or strain if:

  • you have pain, tenderness or weakness – often around your ankle, foot, wrist, thumb, knee, leg or back
  • the injured area is swollen or bruised
  • you can't put weight on the injury or use it normally
  • you have muscle spasms or cramping – where your muscles painfully tighten on their own
Is it a sprain or a strain?
Sprains Strains
Torn or twisted ligament (tissue that connects the joints) Overstretched or torn muscle (also known as a pulled muscle)
Most common in: wrists, ankles, thumbs, knees Most common in: knees, feet, legs, back

How to treat sprains and strains yourself

For the first couple of days, follow the 4 steps known as RICE therapy to help bring down swelling and support the injury:

  1. Rest – stop any exercise or activities and try not to put any weight on the injury.
  2. Ice – apply an ice pack (or a bag of frozen vegetables wrapped in a tea towel) to the injury for up to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours.
  3. Compression – wrap a bandage around the injury to support it.
  4. Elevate – keep it raised on a pillow as much as possible.

To help prevent swelling, try to avoid heat – such as hot baths and heat packs – alcohol and massages for the first couple of days.

When you can move the injured area without pain stopping you, try to keep moving it so the joint or muscle doesn't become stiff.

A pharmacist can help with sprains and strains

Speak to a pharmacist about the best treatment for you. They might suggest tablets, or a cream or gel you rub on the skin.

Painkillers like paracetamol will ease the pain and ibuprofen will bring down swelling. However, you shouldn't take ibuprofen for 48 hours after your injury as it may slow down healing.

Find a pharmacy

How long it takes for a sprain or strain to heal

After 2 weeks, most sprains and strains will feel better. Avoid strenuous exercise such as running for up to 8 weeks, as there's a risk of further damage.

Severe sprains and strains can take months to get back to normal.

You can't always prevent sprains and strains

Sprains and strains happen when you overstretch or twist a muscle. Not warming up before exercising, tired muscles and playing sport are common causes.

See a GP if:

  • the injury isn't feeling any better after treating it yourself
  • the pain or swelling is getting worse

Find a minor injuries unit

See a GP if:

  • you also have a very high temperature or feel hot and shivery

These could be signs of an infection.

Treatment at a minor injuries unit

You may be given self-care advice or prescribed a stronger painkiller.

If you need an X-ray it might be possible to have one at the unit or you may be referred to hospital.

Physiotherapy for sprains and strains

If you have a sprain or strain that's taking longer than usual to get better, your GP may be able to refer you to a physiotherapist.

Physiotherapy from the NHS might not be available everywhere and waiting times can be long. You can also get it privately.

Find a physiotherapist

  • you heard a crack when you had your injury
  • the injured body part has changed shape
  • the injury is numb, discoloured or cold to touch

You may have broken a bone and will need an X-ray.

Content supplied by NHS website